On 19 February 1942, Darwin suffered two horrifying air raids causing widespread devastation. Japanese fighters and bombers attacked the port and shipping in the harbour twice during the day, killing 252 Allied service personnel and civilians. These were followed by more than 60 further raids over the next two years, but luckily none with the same devastating result.
The raids saw more than 240 people, mainly Allied service personnel and merchant seamen, lose their lives. Many more died or were injured as later raids extended to other Northern Australian towns and cities including Broome, Katherine, Wyndham, Townsville and Horn Island.
Image caption details:
Darwin, Northern Territory. 1942-02. Australian soldiers inspecting damage to defence buildings following a Japanese bombing raid. http://goo.gl/FPZWvi